Clarks Hill Bee Keepers Association

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Bee Caste

Posted on October 2, 2010 at 12:24 AM

http://www.ent.uga.edu/bees/get-started/biology.html

 

•Workers - Reproductively underdeveloped females that do all the work of the colony. A colony may have 2,000 to 60,000 workers.

•Queen - A fully fertile female specialized for producing eggs. When a queen dies or is lost, workers select a few young worker larvae and feed them a special food called "royal jelly." These special larvae develop into queens. Therefore, the only difference between workers and queens is the quality and quantity of the larval diet. There is usually only one queen per colony. The queen also affects the colony by producing chemicals called "pheromones" that regulate the behavior of other bees.

•Drones - Male bees. A colony may have 0 to 500 drones during spring and summer. Drones fly from the hive and mate in the air with queens from other colonies. Drones are kicked out of the hive during the winter months.

 

Categories: Honey Bee Biology

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